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What is Qeshani ?


 Traditional Damascene craft

Arabic Damascene Luxurious Art Craft Pieces 

QESHANI is the art of colored ceramics that dates back to the early Islamic eras of the Umayyad dynasty.


QESHANI art developed throughout the history of the Islamic state until it reached its current known form. The city of Damascus distinguished itself from the rest of the cities of the Islamic world due to the presence of skilled craftsmen who worked to invent, develop and transfer it to the European world.

The craftsmen of Damascus transformed their workshops into museums that included many oriental artifacts wrought with QESHANI, such as frames, paintings, Umayyad lamps, ablution jugs, bottles, vases, and cups.  

All these tools are drawn and engraved in a way that suits the Damascene heritage and transmits its ancient cultural heritage.


QESHANI is used to express their social status and their issues and to decorate the facades of heavenly spaces such as the liwan in the ancient Damascene houses such as the Azem Palace, mosques, hotels, old and modern buildings.  The secret of the Damascene QESHANI lies in the way we mix the soil and its types to form our dough.


The Damascene QESHANI was an important paper in Syrian exports because of its impact on the hearts of Arabs and the West. In light of the crisis, QESHANI products suffered a state of stagnation due to the destruction of some of its factories and the low demand for them in the local market and began to regain their luster once again with Damascus recovering.

General definition of Qeshani craft

QESHANI It is the art of special ceramic tiles and household utensils that are made of clay and dried, then drawn on by hand and then colored by hand as well, after which they are grilled at a temperature of up to 1200°C.

Craft history QESHANI And where did you start?


The history of this style of tiles and household utensils dates back to the city (Kashan), which was established by Queen Rashida, the wife of the caliph Harun al-Rashid, and was one of the most important centers of ceramics in Iran in the Middle Ages. 


This industry developed in Damascus during the fourteenth century and flourished in the Mamluk, Umayyad and then Ottoman eras, to the extent that QESHANI Which used to decorate houses and bathrooms in the past was produced by skilled potters in Damascus, and they are the ones who called it QESHANI Instead of Kashani, who are still innovating in presenting a lot of various ceramic works to this day.


It even reached and entered the most luxurious palaces and villas of our time and spread all over the world.  



 advantages QESHANI 


 color and shine QESHANI

Its colors, splendor, and luster made it the focus of attention of gourmets for this wonderful heritage art, and kings and princes competed to acquire it, so it was a decoration for tables and a pride for banquets.


 crackings QESHANI

What draws attention are the cracks that were exposed to a temperature of 1200°C, and cannot be penetrated or permeated by any kind of impurities, as they distinguish it from other types of ceramics, which carry in these cracks a hidden secret that attracts the eyes and increases its splendor and beauty.


 and only the great craftsmen in the manufacture of QESHANI And that luster that the glass layer emits makes you realize the extent of its beauty and original art, which gave it that lofty position among the dishes of the table. 


 decoration QESHANI

Aesthetic, handcrafted pieces that radiate antiquity and are rich in heritage value

 which was manifested through its inscriptions and decorations that were inspired by Arabic-Islamic writings and floral motifs with a beautiful decorative overlap


 products QESHANI

And diversified craft industry QESHANI Handicrafts in household utensils between dishes, cups, flasks, cups, lamps, candlesticks, and other types that earned them such importance. 



QESHANI Arab heritage, civilization and art




It is a ceramic covered with a thin white veneer on it with a bright transparent white lacquer underneath, with black and colored borders drawings in four fixed colors of turquoise and navy, in addition to green and dark red.

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